Accessibility Statement

Conformance: WCAG 2.1 Level AA
Last Updated January 20, 2020

Hansen & Rosasco is in the active process of adopting the World Wide Web Consortium’s Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.1 Level AA as its standard for digital accessibility.  The information below sets forth the actions that the firm will take to meet this commitment.





1.1.1 Non-Text Content


All non-text content that is presented to the user has a text alternative that serves the equivalent purpose, except for the situations listed below. (Level A)

  • Controls, Input: If non-text content is a control or accepts user input, then it has a name that describes its purpose. (Refer to Guideline 4.1 for additional requirements for controls and content that accepts user input.)
  • Time-Based Media: If non-text content is time-based media, then text alternatives at least provide descriptive identification of the non-text content. (Refer to Guideline 1.2 for additional requirements for media.)
  • Test: If non-text content is a test or exercise that would be invalid if presented in text, then text alternatives at least provide descriptive identification of the non-text content.
  • Sensory: If non-text content is primarily intended to create a specific sensory experience, then text alternatives at least provide descriptive identification of the non-text content.
  • CAPTCHA: If the purpose of non-text content is to confirm that content is being accessed by a person rather than a computer, then text alternatives that identify and describe the purpose of the non-text content are provided, and alternative forms of CAPTCHA using output modes for different types of sensory perception are provided to accommodate different disabilities.
  • Decoration, Formatting, Invisible: If non-text content is pure decoration, is used only for visual formatting, or is not presented to users, then it is implemented in a way that it can be ignored by assistive technology.





1.2.1 Audio-only and Video-only (Prerecorded)


For prerecorded audio-only and prerecorded video-only media, the following are true, except when the audio or video is a media alternative for text and is clearly labeled as such: (Level A)

  • Prerecorded Audio-only: An alternative for time-based media is provided that presents equivalent information for prerecorded audio-only content.
  • Prerecorded Video-only: Either an alternative for time-based media or an audio track is provided that presents equivalent information for prerecorded video-only content.


1.2.2 Captions (Prerecorded)


Captions are provided for all prerecorded audio content in synchronized media, except when the media is a media alternative for text and is clearly labeled as such. (Level A)


1.2.3 Audio Description or Media Alternative (Prerecorded)


An alternative for time-based media or audio description of the prerecorded video content is provided for synchronized media, except when the media is a media alternative for text and is clearly labeled as such. (Level A)


1.2.4 Captions (Live)


Captions are provided for all live audio content in synchronized media. (Level AA)


1.2.5 Audio Description (Prerecorded)


Audio description is provided for all prerecorded video content in synchronized media. (Level AA)





1.3.1 Information and Relationships


Information, structure, and relationships conveyed through presentation can be programmatically determined or are available in text. (Level A)


1.3.2 Meaningful Sequence


When the sequence in which content is presented affects its meaning, a correct reading sequence can be programmatically determined. (Level A)


1.3.3 Sensory Characteristics


Instructions provided for understanding and operating content do not rely solely on sensory characteristics of components such as shape, size, visual location, orientation, or sound. (Level A)


1.3.4 Orientation


Content does not restrict its view and operation to a single display orientation, such as portrait or landscape, unless a specific display orientation is essential. (Level AA)


1.3.5 Identify Input Purpose


The attribute provides metadata to let the user know the intent of the input. It also provides autofill capabilities so previous entries can populate a form. (Level AA)



Guideline 1.4 Distinguishable


1.4.1 Use of Color


Color is not used as the only visual means of conveying information, indicating an action, prompting a response, or distinguishing a visual element. (Level A)


1.4.2 Audio Control


If any audio on a Web page plays automatically for more than 3 seconds, either a mechanism is available to pause or stop the audio, or a mechanism is available to control audio volume independently from the overall system volume level. (Level A)


1.4.3 Color Contrast (Minimum)


The visual presentation of text and images of text has a contrast ratio of at least 4.5:1, except for the following: (Level AA)

  • Large Text: Large-scale text and images of large-scale text have a contrast ratio of at least 3:1;
  • Incidental: Text or images of text that are part of an inactive user interface component, that are pure decoration, that are not visible to anyone, or that are part of a picture that contains significant other visual content, have no contrast requirement.
  • Logotypes: Text that is part of a logo or brand name has no minimum contrast requirement.


1.4.4 Resize Text


Except for captions and images of text, text can be resized without assistive technology up to 200 percent without loss of content or functionality. (Level AA)


1.4.5 Images of Text


If the technologies being used can achieve the visual presentation, text is used to convey information rather than images of text except for the following: (Level AA)

  • Customizable: The image of text can be visually customized to the user’s requirements;
  • Essential: A particular presentation of text is essential to the information being conveyed.


1.4.10 Reflow


When content is zoomed in to a large degree, the site will adapt to ensure that scrolling only occurs in one direction. (Level AA)

1.4.11 Non-Text Contrast


Visual objects (including interface elements, charts, graphs, etc) must have a contrast ratio of 3:1 against adjacent color(s). (Level AA)

1.4.12 Text Spacing


Text-based CSS settings can be changed to certain minimum values without loss of content or functionality. Line height (line spacing) to at least 1.5 times the font size. Spacing following paragraphs to at least 2 times the font size. Letter spacing (tracking) to at least 0.12 times the font size. Word spacing to at least 0.16 times the font size. (Level AA)

1.4.13 Content on Hover or Focus


Content that appears on mouse hover or keyboard focus must be dismissable, hoverable, and persistent. (Level AA)


Guideline 2.1 Keyboard Accessible


2.1.1 Keyboard


All functionality of the content is operable through a keyboard interface without requiring specific timings for individual keystrokes, except where the underlying function requires input that depends on the path of the user’s movement and not just the endpoints. (Level A)


2.1.2 No Keyboard Trap


If keyboard focus can be moved to a component of the page using a keyboard interface, then focus can be moved away from that component using only a keyboard interface, and, if it requires more than unmodified arrow or tab keys or other standard exit methods, the user is advised of the method for moving focus away. (Level A)


2.1.4 Character Key Shortcuts


If single character key shortcuts are used, then they can either be turned off, remapped, or are only active when the shortcut for a UI component has focus. (Level A)



Guideline 2.2 Enough Time


2.2.1 Timing Adjustable


For each time limit that is set by the content, at least one of the following is true: (Level A)

  • Turn off: The user is allowed to turn off the time limit before encountering it; or
  • Adjust: The user is allowed to adjust the time limit before encountering it over a wide range that is at least ten times the length of the default setting; or
  • Extend: The user is warned before time expires and given at least 20 seconds to extend the time limit with a simple action (for example, “press the space bar”), and the user is allowed to extend the time limit at least ten times; or
  • Real-time Exception: The time limit is a required part of a real-time event (for example, an auction), and no alternative to the time limit is possible; or
  • Essential Exception: The time limit is essential and extending it would invalidate the activity; or
  • 20 Hour Exception: The time limit is longer than 20 hours.


2.2.2 Pause, Stop, Hide


For moving, blinking, scrolling, or auto-updating information, all of the following are true: (Level A)

  • Moving, blinking, scrolling: For any moving, blinking or scrolling information that (1) starts automatically, (2) lasts more than five seconds, and (3) is presented in parallel with other content, there is a mechanism for the user to pause, stop, or hide it unless the movement, blinking, or scrolling is part of an activity where it is essential; and
  • Auto-updating: For any auto-updating information that (1) starts automatically and (2) is presented in parallel with other content, there is a mechanism for the user to pause, stop, or hide it or to control the frequency of the update unless the auto-updating is part of an activity where it is essential.



Guideline 2.3 Seizures


2.3.1 Three flashes or below


Web pages do not contain anything that flashes more than three times in any one second period, or the flash is below the general flash and red flash thresholds. (Level A)



Guideline 2.4 Navigable


2.4.1 Bypass Blocks


A mechanism is available to bypass blocks of content that are repeated on multiple Web pages. (Level A)


2.4.2 Page Titled


Web pages have titles that describe topic or purpose. (Level A)


2.4.3 Focus Order


If a Web page can be navigated sequentially and the navigation sequences affect meaning or operation, focusable components receive focus in an order that preserves meaning and operability. (Level A)


2.4.4 Link Purpose in context


The purpose of each link can be determined from the link text alone or from the link text together with its programmatically determined link context, except where the purpose of the link would be ambiguous to users in general. (Level A)


2.4.5 Multiple Ways


More than one way is available to locate a Web page within a set of Web pages except where the Web Page is the result of, or a step in, a process. (Level AA)


2.4.6 Headings and Labels


Headings and labels describe topic or purpose. (Level AA)


2.4.7 Focus Visible


Any keyboard operable user interface has a mode of operation where the keyboard focus indicator is visible. (Level AA)



Guideline 2.5 Input Modalities


2.5.1 Pointer Gestures


All operations must use simple gestures that need only a single touch or click. If more complex operations exist, a single touch or click alternative must be given. (Level A)


2.5.2 Pointer Cancellation


Allow users to recover from accidental or erroneous pointer input (touch screen taps, mouse clicks). (Level A)


2.5.3 Label in Name


For user interface components with visible text, ensure that the accessible name includes the visible text. (Level A)


2.5.4 Motion Actuation


Motion input (shaking, orientation change, tilting, etc.) must be accompanied by another means of input (such as a button). (Level A)



Guideline 3.1 Readable


3.1.1 Language of the Page


The default human language of each Web page can be programmatically determined. (Level A)


3.1.2 Language of parts


The human language of each passage or phrase in the content can be programmatically determined except for proper names, technical terms, words of indeterminate language, and words or phrases that have become part of the vernacular of the immediately surrounding text. (Level AA)



Guideline 3.2 Predictable


3.2.1 On Focus


When any component receives focus, it does not initiate a change of context. (Level A)


3.2.2 On Input


Changing the setting of any user interface component does not automatically cause a change of context unless the user has been advised of the behavior before using the component. (Level A)


3.2.3 Consistent Navigation


Navigational mechanisms that are repeated on multiple Web pages within a set of Web pages occur in the same relative order each time they are repeated, unless a change is initiated by the user. (Level AA)


3.2.4 Consistent Identification


Components that have the same functionality within a set of Web pages are identified consistently. (Level AA)



Guideline 3.3 Input Assistance


3.3.1 Error Identification


If an input error is automatically detected, the item that is in error is identified and the error is described to the user in text. (Level A)


3.3.2 Labels or Instructions


Labels or instructions are provided when content requires user input. (Level A)


3.3.3 Error Suggestion


If an input error is automatically detected and suggestions for correction are known, then the suggestions are provided to the user, unless it would jeopardize the security or purpose of the content. (Level AA)


3.3.4 Error Prevention – legal, financial, data


For Web pages that cause legal commitments or financial transactions for the user to occur, that modify or delete user-controllable data in data storage systems, or that submit user test responses, at least one of the following is true: (Level AA)

  • Submissions are reversible.
  • Data entered by the user is checked for input errors and the user is provided an opportunity to correct them.
  • A mechanism is available for reviewing, confirming, and correcting information before finalizing the submission.



Guideline 4.1 Compatible: Maximize compatibility with current and future user agents, including assistive technologies.


4.1.1 Parsing


In content implemented using markup languages, elements have complete start and end tags, elements are nested according to their specifications, elements do not contain duplicate attributes, and any IDs are unique, except where the specifications allow these features. (Level A)


4.1.2 Name, Role, Value


For all user interface components (including but not limited to: form elements, links and components generated by scripts), the name and role can be programmatically determined; states, properties, and values that can be set by the user can be programmatically set; and notification of changes to these items is available to user agents, including assistive technologies. (Level A)


4.1.3 Status Messages


Status Messages must be available to assistive technologies, such as screen readers. This does not include context changes (e.g. alert or dialogs). (Level AA)



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